Ebola Virus also called Ebola hemorrhagic fever is the deadliest virus. It is one of the severe and fatal infections known in the entire human history. The common reason of spreading is through the infected blood or bodily fluids. It was first identified in Sudan and the Democratic Republic Of Congo in 1976. The name is for a river in the country. The virus is found in many villages in tropical rainforests of central and West Africa. There are some identified species of Ebola Virus. The Zaire species is one of the most deadly strains with a fatality rate of up to 90%.
Causes Of Ebola Virus
Ebola virus can spread from an infected animal to healthy human. It then spreads to humans. From animals, the main transfer of virus to humans is through contact with infected wildlife such as gorillas, chimps and fruit bats. Between humans, it transfers mainly through direct contact via bodily fluids or other secretion from infected people. As a result, it generally spreads through broken skin and mucous membrane. Consequently, it spreads through blood, breast milk, semen, sweat, stool, urine or vomit. In other words, it generally transfers through bodily fluids. However, transmission can also occur through the contacts of object contaminated with infection.
First Symptoms Of Ebola Virus
Firstly, the virus targets the blood and immune system that leads to bleeding and weak immune system. The incubation period is from 2 days to 21 days. Secondly, the patient has characteristics such as fever, headache, muscle pain, weakness, and sore throat. After this, the patient may develop severe symptoms like diarrhea, reduced liver and kidney function, measles-like rash, vomiting etc. Most of the cases result in internal and external bleeding. Above all, this could be around 30% to 50%. Lastly, some people die due to multiple organ failure while others due to severe dehydration occurring due to vomiting and diarrhea.
Diagnosis Of Ebola Virus
Most importantly, the symptoms of the diseases are looked out like malaria, typhoid fever, cholera etc. For example, there are many laboratory tests that are done on the patient. For instance, it is used the detect the RNA and antibodies of virus in the blood.
Treatment Of Ebola Virus
There is no perfect cure to Ebola Virus. However, the only option is to avoid the people coming in contact with the Ebola Virus. The treatment commonly involves rehydration, nutrition, and medication to the patients to the people. The first important method is to stops transmission from animals to humans. People should protect themselves in coming contact with the virus.
People can do many things like rapid quarantine of suspected infected animals. Bury and burn these animals should properly. Handle animal waste with proper care including gloves and clothing. Cook all the